Does pretreatment anxiety predict response to either bupropion SR or sertraline?

A. J. Rush, S. R. Batey, R. M J Donahue, J. A. Ascher, T. J. Carmody, A. Metz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A common clinical belief is that more sedating and/or serotonin-selective antidepressants are preferred for depressed patients with symptoms of anxiety compared with more activating and/or catecholamine-selective antidepressants. The purpose of this study was to determine whether higher baseline anxiety is associated with different antidepressant responses to bupropion sustained release (SR) or sertraline. Methods: A retrospective data analysis was conducted using pooled data from two identical 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter studies of bupropion SR (n = 234), sertraline (n = 225), and placebo (n = 233) in adult outpatients with recurrent, major depressive disorder. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale scores. Results: Baseline anxiety levels were not related to antidepressant response to treatment with either bupropion SR or sertraline, nor did they differentiate between responders to bupropion SR and responders to sertraline. Conclusions: Baseline anxiety levels do not appear to be a basis for selecting between bupropion SR and sertraline in the treatment of outpatients with major depressive disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • Bupropion SR
  • Pretreatment anxiety
  • Response prediction
  • Retrospective data analysis
  • Sertraline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

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