Does surgery change pelvic tilt? an investigation in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip, dysplasia, and femoroacetabular impingement

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Abstract

AIMS: Pelvic tilt is believed to affect the symptomology of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip by alterations in joint movement, dysplasia of the hip by modification of acetabular cover, and femoroacetabular impingement by influencing the impingement-free range of motion. While the apparent role of pelvic tilt in hip pathology has been reported, the exact effects of many forms of treatment on pelvic tilt are unknown. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of surgery on pelvic tilt in these three groups of patients. METHODS: The demographic, radiological, and outcome data for all patients operated on by the senior author between October 2016 and January 2020 were identified from a prospective registry, and all those who underwent surgery with a primary diagnosis of OA, dysplasia, or femoroacetabular impingement were considered for inclusion. Pelvic tilt was assessed on anteroposterior (AP) standing radiographs using the pre- and postoperative pubic symphysis to sacroiliac joint (PS-SI) distance, and the outcomes were assessed with the Hip Outcome Score (HOS), International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12), and Harris Hip Score (HHS). RESULTS: The linear regression model revealed a significant negative predictive association between the standing pre- and postoperative PS-SI distances for all three groups of patients (all p < 0.001). There was a significant improvement in all three outcome measures between the pre- and postoperative values (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a statistically significant decrease in pelvic tilt after surgery in patients with OA of the hip, dysplasia, and femoroacetabular impingement. These results confirm that surgery significantly alters the pelvic orientation. Pelvic tilt significantly decreased after total hip arthroplasty, periacetabular osteotomy, and arthroscopy/surgical hip dislocation. The impact of surgery on pelvic tilt should be considered within the therapeutic plan in order to optimize pelvic orientation in these patients.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(9):1025-1031.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1031
Number of pages7
JournalThe bone & joint journal
Volume104-B
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Keywords

  • dysplasia
  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome
  • Hip arthroplasty
  • Hip arthroscopy
  • Hip dysplasia
  • hips
  • Osteoarthritis
  • osteoarthritis (OA)
  • PAO
  • Pelvic tilt
  • Pubic symphysis
  • radiographs
  • sacroiliac joints
  • surgical hip dislocation
  • total hip arthroplasty (THA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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