Does the centers for disease control’s NNIS system risk index stratify patients undergoing cardiothoracic operations by their risk of surgical-site infection?

Marie Claude Roy, Loreen A. Herwaldt, Richard Embrey, Kristen Kuhns, Richard P. Wenzel, Trish M. Perl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In 1991, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention devised the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) System risk index to stratify populations of surgical patients by the risk of acquiring surgical-site infections (SSIs). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the NNIS risk index adequately stratifies a population of cardiothoracic surgery patients by the risk of developing SSI. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, a 900-bed, midwestern, tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: 201 patients with SSIs identified by prospective infection control surveillance and 398 controls matched by age, gender, type of procedure, and date of procedure. All patients underwent cardiothoracic operative procedures between November 1990 and January 1994. RESULTS: The SSI rate was 7.8%. Seventy-four percent of cases and 80% of controls had a NNIS risk index score of 1; 24% of cases arid 16% of controls had a score of 2 (P=.05). Patients with a NNIS risk score ≥2 were 1.8 times more likely to develop an SSI than those with a NNIS score <2 (odds ratio, 1.83; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.94, P=.01). The duration of the procedure was the only component of the index that stratified the population by risk of SSI. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of SSI after cardiothoracic operations increases as the NNIS risk index score increases. However, this index only dichotomized the patient population on the basis of the procedure duration. More research is needed to develop a risk index that adequately stratifies the risk of SSI after cardiothoracic operations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number05201
Pages (from-to)186-190
Number of pages5
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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