Dose intensification of methotrexate and cytarabine during intensified continuation chemotherapy for high-risk B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: POG 9406: A report from the children's oncology group

Richard L. Tower, Tamekia L. Jones, Bruce M. Camitta, Barbara L. Asselin, Beverly A. Bell, Allen Chauvenet, Meenakshi Devidas, Edward C. Halperin, Jeanette Pullen, Jonathan J. Shuster, Naomi Winick, Joanne Kurtzberg

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of higher dose versus standard dose intravenous methotrexate (MTX) and pulses of high-dose cytosine arabinoside with asparaginase versus standard dose cytosine arabinoside and teniposide during intensified continuation therapy for higher risk pediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1994 to 1999, the Pediatric Oncology Group conducted a randomized phase III clinical trial in higher risk pediatric B-precursor ALL. A total of 784 patients were randomized in a 2×2 factorial design to receive MTX 1 g/m versus 2.5 g/m and to cytosine arabinoside/teniposide versus high-dose cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase during intensified continuation therapy. RESULTS: Patients receiving standard dose MTX had a 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) of 71.8±2.4%; patients receiving higher dose MTX had a 5-year DFS of 71.7±2.4% (P=0.55). Outcomes on cytosine arabinoside/teniposide (DFS of 70.4±2.4) were similar to higher dose cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase (DFS of 73.1±2.3%) (P=0.41). Overall survival rates were not different between MTX doses or cytosine arabinoside/teniposide versus cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing MTX dosing to 2.5 g/m did not improve outcomes in higher risk pediatric B-precursor ALL. Giving high-dose cytarabine and asparaginase pulses instead of standard dose cytarabine and teniposide produced nonsignificant differences in outcomes, allowing for teniposide to be removed from ALL therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-361
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

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Keywords

  • acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • cytarabine
  • methotrexate
  • pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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