The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a novel anti-apoptotic gene, survivin, on the resistance and susceptibility of human uveal melanoma cells to apoptosis induced by cisplatin. The sensitivity of human uveal melanoma cell lines to apoptosis induced by cisplatin was analyzed by caspase-3 assays. The expression of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin, was examined by flow cytometry. Melanoma cells were transfected with either survivin cDNA or survivin anti-sense cDNA and examined for susceptibility to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Six human uveal melanoma cell lines were incubated with or without cisplatin and cellular proliferation was determined by MTT assays. Significant growth inhibition was observed in 3 melanoma cell lines (OMM1, OCM3, and MEL 270). By contrast, 3 cell lines (OMM2.5, OMM2.3, and 92-1) were resistant to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. However, a positive association was observed between resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis and high expression of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin. Up-regulation of survivin by gene transfer enhanced resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis, while transfection with survivin anti-sense rendered resistant melanoma cells susceptible to cisplatin. The combination of cisplatin and actinomycin D significantly decreased survivin expression and enhanced the cisplatin-induced apoptosis of uveal melanoma cells in vitro. These data indicate that resistance of some uveal melanoma cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis is controlled by anti-apoptotic proteins, such as survivin, that are sensitive to actinomycin D treatment.
- actinomycin D
- uveal melanomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience