Draining ears and tympanostomy tubes: A survey of pediatric otolaryngologists and pediatric emergency medicine physicians

Vahe Badalyan, Richard H. Schwartz, Shira L. Scwhartz, Peter S. Roland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Posttympanostomy tube otorrhea also known as acute otitis media with tympanostomy tubes (AOMT) occurs in 15% to 80% of children with tympanostomy tubes. Its management is fairly standardized among pediatric ear, nose, and throat (ENT) physicians owing to recommendations published by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Pediatric emergency medicine (EM) physicians have no such guidelines. Objective: This study aimed to compare management of AOMT by pediatric ENT and EM physicians. Methods: A 27-question online survey was disseminated via SurveyMonkey.com using e-mail addresses of ENT and EM physicians via organization directories and professional listserves. Results: A total of 175 and 174 responses were received from EM and ENT physicians, respectively. Higher proportion of EM physicians used oral antibiotics to treat AOMT (54% [n = 94] vs 9% [n = 16], P G 0.001). Virtually all ENT physicians used topical antibiotics, compared with 87% of EM physicians. Only 6% (n = 10) of EM physicians used suction to clean ear canals (aural toilet) before instilling topical antibiotics, compared with 81% (n = 138) of ENT physicians. Most ENT physicians (80% [n = 138]) instructed patients to keep the treated ear up for 10 to 60 seconds after instilling the drops and to use the tragal pump technique to direct the medication down the ear canal and through the tube (92% [n = 157]). Only 56% (n = 98) and 24% (n = 41) of EM physicians did the same. Conclusions: There are large differences between ENT and EM physicians with respect to: the use of systemic antibiotics, techniques of using ototopical antibiotics, methods of aural toilet in treating AOMT, and directions given to patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Emergency Care
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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Middle Ear Ventilation
Ear
Emergency Medicine
Pediatrics
Physicians
Pharynx
Nose
Otitis Media
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Ear Canal
Surveys and Questionnaires
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Otolaryngologists
Directories
Otolaryngology
Suction
Postal Service

Keywords

  • Acute otitis media with tympanostomy tubes
  • Ototopical antibiotics
  • Posttympanostomy tube otorrhea
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Draining ears and tympanostomy tubes : A survey of pediatric otolaryngologists and pediatric emergency medicine physicians. / Badalyan, Vahe; Schwartz, Richard H.; Scwhartz, Shira L.; Roland, Peter S.

In: Pediatric Emergency Care, Vol. 29, No. 2, 02.2013, p. 203-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Badalyan, Vahe ; Schwartz, Richard H. ; Scwhartz, Shira L. ; Roland, Peter S. / Draining ears and tympanostomy tubes : A survey of pediatric otolaryngologists and pediatric emergency medicine physicians. In: Pediatric Emergency Care. 2013 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 203-208.
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