Drosophila Myc integrates multiple signaling pathways to regulate intestinal stem cell proliferation during midgut regeneration

Fangfang Ren, Qing Shi, Yongbin Chen, Alice Jiang, Y. Tony Ip, Huaqi Jiang, Jin Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intestinal stem cells (ISCs) in the Drosophila adult midgut are essential for maintaining tissue homeostasis, and their proliferation and differentiation speed up in order to meet the demand for replenishing the lost cells in response to injury. Several signaling pathways including JAK-STAT, EGFR and Hippo (Hpo) pathways have been implicated in damage-induced ISC proliferation, but the mechanisms that integrate these pathways have remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the Drosophila homolog of the oncoprotein Myc (dMyc) functions downstream of these signaling pathways to mediate their effects on ISC proliferation. dMyc expression in precursor cells is stimulated in response to tissue damage, and dMyc is essential for accelerated ISC proliferation and midgut regeneration. We show that tissue damage caused by dextran sulfate sodium feeding stimulates dMyc expression via the Hpo pathway, whereas bleomycin feeding activates dMyc through the JAK-STAT and EGFR pathways. We provide evidence that dMyc expression is transcriptionally upregulated by multiple signaling pathways, which is required for optimal ISC proliferation in response to tissue damage. We have also obtained evidence that tissue damage can upregulate dMyc expression post-transcriptionally. Finally, we show that a basal level of dMyc expression is required for ISC maintenance, proliferation and lineage differentiation during normal tissue homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1133-1146
Number of pages14
JournalCell Research
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Hpo
  • ISC
  • JAK-STAT
  • Myc
  • regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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