Dual reporter comparative indexing of rAAV pseudotyped vectors in chimpanzee airway

Terence R. Flotte, Anne C. Fischer, Jason Goetzmann, Christian Mueller, Liudmila Cebotaru, Ziying Yan, Lilli Wang, James M. Wilson, William B. Guggino, John F. Engelhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selecting the most efficient recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) serotype for airway gene therapy has been difficult due to cross-specific differences in tropism and immune response between humans and animal models. Chimpanzeesthe closest surviving genetic relative of humansprovide a valuable opportunity to select the most effective serotypes for clinical trials in humans. However, designing informative experiments using this protected species is challenging due to limited availability and experimental regulations. We have developed a method using Renilla luciferase (RL) and firefly luciferase (FL) reporters to directly index the relative transduction and immune response of two promising rAAV serotypes following lung coinfection. Analysis of differential luciferase activity in chimpanzee airway brushings demonstrated a 20-fold higher efficiency for rAAV1 over rAAV5 at 90 days, a finding that was similar in polarized human airway epithelia. T-cell responses to AAV5 capsid were stronger than AAV1 capsid. This dual vector indexing approach may be useful in selecting lead vector serotypes for clinical gene therapy and suggests rAAV1 is preferred for cystic fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-600
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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    Flotte, T. R., Fischer, A. C., Goetzmann, J., Mueller, C., Cebotaru, L., Yan, Z., Wang, L., Wilson, J. M., Guggino, W. B., & Engelhardt, J. F. (2010). Dual reporter comparative indexing of rAAV pseudotyped vectors in chimpanzee airway. Molecular Therapy, 18(3), 594-600. https://doi.org/10.1038/mt.2009.230