Dual treatment of acromegaly and hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer with tamoxifen: a case report

Sasan Mirfakhraee, Alberto V.Cabo Chan, Niloofar Ganji, Jessica Abramowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adjuvant endocrine therapy is recommended for the treatment of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors are associated with significant musculoskeletal adverse effects, likely through growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor 1 modulation, while tamoxifen reduces insulin-like growth factor 1 production. We describe the case of a patient who was treated successfully with tamoxifen for her hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer and acromegaly. Case presentation: A 57-year old White female with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer was diagnosed with acromegaly. She received adjuvant endocrine therapy with anastrozole but could not tolerate this medication because of severe arthralgia, so she was switched to tamoxifen. Shortly after starting tamoxifen, the patient’s musculoskeletal symptoms resolved and her insulin-like growth factor 1 levels normalized. She has remained in remission of her acromegaly and breast cancer since initiating tamoxifen. Conclusion: This case highlights the dual benefit of tamoxifen therapy in the treatment of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer and acromegaly. Unlike anastrozole, tamoxifen has the benefit of lowering insulin-like growth factor 1 levels, which underscores its advantage in reducing adverse musculoskeletal symptoms during the treatment of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. We offer the first reported use of tamoxifen monotherapy for the successful treatment of acromegaly and hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. While tamoxifen may offer an additional, oral option for acromegaly patients who do not respond to or tolerate conventional growth-hormone-lowering therapy, additional studies are necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number207
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Case report
  • Growth-hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma
  • Pituitary tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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