Background: Dupuytren's disease is a common benign fibroproliferative disorder of the hand. Epidemiologic studies have reported significant variation in disease prevalence among races, focusing primarily on those of northern European descent. In contrast, Dupuytren's disease in the Hispanic population has received little attention. Thus, in this study, the authors aimed to determine the prevalence and operative rate of Dupuytren's disease in the Hispanic, black, white, Asian, Native American, and other races and to characterize the disease presentation in Hispanics who required surgical treatment. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted to identify the racial distribution of Dupuytren's disease patients seen at Bellevue Hospital between July of 2000 and August of 2010. In Hispanic patients requiring surgical treatment for their disease, data were collected on the following parameters: age, sex, ethnicity, hand dominance, hand affected, and digits operated on. Epidemiologic factors including smoking, alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, epilepsy, and hypertension were also evaluated. Results: Dupuytren's disease prevalence was found to be 533 per 100,000 in Hispanics. Of these patients, 1.8 percent required surgical treatment, and this group was characterized by the following comorbidities: smoking (57.1 percent), hypertension (57.1 percent), alcoholism (52.4 percent), diabetes mellitus (47.6 percent), and hypercholesterolemia (19.0 percent). Conclusions: The authors' results indicate that Dupuytren's disease is more prevalent in the Hispanic population than previously reported. Although the epidemiologic factors identified in Hispanics with Dupuytren's disease are similar to those in other races investigated, there are important differences with respect to clinical presentation and surgical treatment.
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