Background Studies of the effects of postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) on long-term survival are conflicting, likely because of comorbidities that occur with poAF and the patient populations studied. Furthermore, the effects of poAF duration on long-term survival are poorly understood. Methods We utilized a prospectively collected database on outcomes of cardiac surgery at a large tertiary care institution between August 2001 and December 2010 with survival follow-up through June 2015 to analyze long-term survival of patients with poAF. In addition, we identified patient- and procedure-related variables associated with poAF, and estimated overall comorbidity burden using the Elixhauser comorbidity index. Survival was compared between patients with poAF (n = 513) and a propensity score matched control cohort, both for all patients and separately for subgroups of patients with poAF lasting less than 2 days (n = 218) and patients with prolonged poAF (n = 265). Results Patients with poAF were older and had a higher burden of comorbidities. Survival was significantly worse for patients with poAF than for the matched control group (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval: 1.11 to 1.86). That was driven by decreased survival among patients with prolonged poAF (hazard ratio 1.97, 95% confidence interval: 1.37 to 2.80), whereas survival of patients with poAF for less than 2 days was not significantly different from that of matched controls (hazard ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.60 to 1.39). Conclusions After close matching based on comorbidity burden, prolonged poAF is still associated with decreased survival. Therefore, vigilance is warranted in monitoring and treating patients with prolonged poAF after cardiac surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine