Dutasteride is associated with reduced risk of transrectal prostate biopsy-associated urinary tract infection and related hospitalizations

Daniel M. Moreira, Gerald L. Andriole, J. Curtis Nickel, Claus Roehrborn, Ramiro Castro-Santamaria, Stephen J. Freedland

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Objectives: To evaluate whether the use of dutasteride is associated with a lower risk of transrectal prostate biopsy-associated urinary tract infection (TPBA-UTI) among men in the Reduction by Dutasteride of Prostate Cancer Events (REDUCE) study. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 6045 men undergoing 2-year repeat prostate biopsy in REDUCE. Participants were randomized to receive dutasteride 0.5 mg or placebo daily. TPBA-UTI was defined as the presence of urinary symptoms and the prescription of antibiotics by the treating physician within 30 days after biopsy. Severe TPBA-UTI was defined as TPBA-UTI requiring hospitalization. Comparison of TPBA-UTI between treatment arms was done using Chi-square test and logistic regression adjusting for participant characteristics. Results: Of the subjects included in the study, 3067 (50.7%) were randomized to the placebo arm and 2978 (49.3%) to the dutasteride arm. A total 51 (0.8%) men had TPBA-UTI, including 38 (1.2%) in the placebo arm and 13 (0.4%) in the dutasteride arm (univariable relative risk [RR] = 0.35, P = 0.001; multivariable odds ratio [OR] = 0.34, P = 0.003). The number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one TPBA-UTI was 125 subjects. Of these, 14 (28%) had severe TPBA-UTI, including 12 (0.4%) in the placebo arm and only 2 (0.07%) in the dutasteride arm (univariable RR = 0.17, P = 0.021; multivariable OR = 0.17, P = 0.031). The NNT to prevent one severe TPBA-UTI was 309 subjects. Conclusion: Among men undergoing a 2-year repeat prostate biopsy, the use of dutasteride for 2 years was associated with a reduced the risk of overall and severe TBPA-UTI. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00056407.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 10 2017



  • 5-Alpha-reductase inhibitors
  • Biopsy
  • Double-blind method
  • Dutasteride
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle aged
  • Urinary tract infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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