Purpose: To assess the feasibility of administering DX-8951f (exatecan mesylate), a water-soluble, camptothecin analog, as a 30-minute intravenous infusion daily far 5 days every 3 weeks, determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and pharmacokinetic (PK) behavior of DX-8951f, and seek preliminary evidence of anticancer activity. Patients and Methods: Patients with advanced solid malignancies were treated with escalating doses of DX-8951f. After three patients were treated at the first dose level, doses were to be escalated in increments of 100%, using a single patient at each dose level unless moderate toxicity was observed. The MTD, defined as the highest dose level at which the incidence of dose-limiting toxicity did nat exceed 20%, was calculated separately for minimally, pretreated (MP) and heavily pretreated (HP) patients. The PK and excretory profiles of DX-8951, the anhydrous form of DX-8951f, were also characterized. Results: Thirty-six patients were treated with 130 courses of DX-8951f at six dose levels ranging from 0.1 to 0.6 mg/m2/d. Brief, noncumulative neutropenia was the most common toxicity observed. Severe myelosuppression (neutropenia that was protracted and/or associated with fever and/or severe thrombocytopenia) was consistently experienced by HP and MP patients at doses exceeding 0.3 and 0.5 mg/m2/d, respectively. Nonhematologic toxicities (nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea) were also observed, but these effects were rarely severe. Objective antitumor activity included partial responses in one patient each with platinum-resistant extrapulmonary small-cell and fluoropyrimidine- and irinotecan-resistant colorectal carcinoma, and minor responses in patients with prostate, hepatocellular, thymic, primary peritoneal, and irinotecan-resistant colorectal carcinomas. The PKs of total DX-8951 were linear and well fit by a three-compartment model. Conclusion: The recommended doses for phase II studies of DX-8951f as a 30-minute infusion daily far 5 days every 3 weeks are 0.5 and 0.3 mg/m2/d far MP and HP patients, respectively. The characteristics of the myelosuppressive effects of DX-8951f, paucity of severe nonhematologic toxicities, and antitumor activity against a wide range of malignancies warrant broad disease-directed evaluations of DX-8951f on this schedule. (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research