The transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is a pleiotropic protein complex that is activated from a sequestered, cytoplasmic form by pro-inflammatory extracellular signals and cellular stress. Several hundred cellular genes have been shown to be regulated by NF-κB, including cytokines, chemokines and adhesion molecules. Nearly eight years ago, a flurry of publications showed that loss or suppression of NF-κB results in an enhanced sensitivity to apoptosis. In the ensuing years, activation of NF-κB has become almost synonymous with enhanced cell survival, although more recent data suggests that this transcription factor plays a more complex role in the regulation of cell death.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology