Purpose: This study is to investigate time-resolved 13C MR spectroscopy (MRS) as an alternative to imaging for assessing pyruvate metabolism using hyperpolarized (HP) [1-13C]pyruvate in the human brain. Methods: Time-resolved 13C spectra were acquired from four axial brain slices of healthy human participants (n = 4) after a bolus injection of HP [1-13C]pyruvate. 13C MRS with low flip-angle excitations and a multichannel 13C/1H dual-frequency radiofrequency (RF) coil were exploited for reliable and unperturbed assessment of HP pyruvate metabolism. Slice-wise areas under the curve (AUCs) of 13C-metabolites were measured and kinetic analysis was performed to estimate the production rates of lactate and (Formula presented.). Linear regression analysis between brain volumes and HP signals was performed. Region-focused pyruvate metabolism was estimated using coil-wise 13C reconstruction. Reproducibility of HP pyruvate exams was presented by performing two consecutive injections with a 45-minutes interval. Results: [1-13C]Lactate relative to the total 13C signal (tC) was 0.21–0.24 in all slices. [13C] (Formula presented.) /tC was 0.065–0.091. Apparent conversion rate constants from pyruvate to lactate and (Formula presented.) were calculated as 0.014–0.018 s−1 and 0.0043–0.0056 s−1, respectively. Pyruvate/tC and lactate/tC were in moderate linear relationships with fractional gray matter volume within each slice. White matter presented poor linear regression fit with HP signals, and moderate correlations of the fractional cerebrospinal fluid volume with pyruvate/tC and lactate/tC were measured. Measured HP signals were comparable between two consecutive exams with HP [1-13C]pyruvate. Conclusions: Dynamic MRS in combination with multichannel RF coils is an affordable and reliable alternative to imaging methods in investigating cerebral metabolism using HP [1-13C]pyruvate.
- dynamic nuclear polarization
- human brain
- hyperpolarized pyruvate
- magnetic resonance spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging