Dynamin GTpase domain mutants block endocytic vesicle formation at morphologically distinct stages

H. Damke, D. D. Binns, H. Ueda, S. L. Schmid, T. Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abundant evidence has shown that the GTPase dynamin is required for receptor-mediated endocytosis, but its exact role in endocytic clathrin-coated vesicle formation remains to be established. Whereas dynamin GTPase domain mutants that are defective in GTP binding and hydrolysis are potent dominant-negative inhibitors of receptor-mediated endocytosis, overexpression of dynamin GTPase effector domain (GED) mutants that are selectively defective in assembly-stimulated GTPase-activating protein activity can stimulate the formation of constricted coated pits and receptor-mediated endocytosis. These apparently conflicting results suggest that a complex relationship exists between dynamin's GTPase cycle of binding and hydrolysis and its role in endocytic coated vesicle formation. We sought to explore this complex relationship by generating dynamin GTPase mutants predicted to be defective at distinct stages of its GTPase cycle and examining the structural intermediates that accumulate in cells overexpressing these mutants. We report that the effects of nucleotide-binding domain mutants on dynamin's GTPase cycle in vitro are not as predicted by comparison to other GTPase superfamily members. Specifically, GTP and GDP association was destabilized for each of the GTPase domain mutants we analyzed. Nonetheless, we find that overexpression of dynamin mutants with subtle differences in their GTPase properties can lead to the accumulation of distinct intermediates in endocytic coated vesicle formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2578-2589
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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