Dyspnea on exertion in obese women: Association with an increased oxygen cost of breathing

Tony G. Babb, Kamalini G. Ranasinghe, Laurie A. Comeau, Trisha L. Semon, Belinda Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Although exertional dyspnea in obesity is an important and prolific clinical concern, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Objectives: To investigate whether dyspnea onexertion in otherwise healthy obese women was associated with an increase in the oxygen cost of breathing or cardiovascular deconditioning. Methods: Obese women with and without dyspnea on exertion participated in two independent experiments (n = 16 and n = 14). All participants underwent pulmonary function testing, hydrostatic weighing, ratings of perceived breathlessness during cycling at 60 W, and determination of the oxygen cost of breathing during eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea at 40 and 60 L/min. Cardiovascular exercise capacity, fat distribution, and respiratory mechanics were determined in 14 women in experiment 2. Data were analyzed between groups by independent t test, and the relationship between the variables was determined by regression analysis. Measurements and Main Results: In both experiments, breathlessness during 60W cycling was markedly increased in over 37% of the obese women (P < 0.01). Age, height, weight, lung function, and %body fat were not different between the groups in either experiment. In contrast, the oxygen cost of breathing was significantly (P < 0.01) and markedly (38-70%) greater in the obese women with dyspnea on exertion. The oxygen cost of breathing was significantly (P < 0.001) correlated with the rating of perceived breathlessness obtained during the 60 W exercise in experiment 1 (r2 = 0.57) and experiment 2 (r2 = 0.72). Peak cardiovascular exercise capacity, fat distribution, and respiratory mechanics were not different between groups in experiment 2. Conclusions: Dyspnea on exertion is prevalent in otherwise healthy obese women, which seems to be strongly associated with an increased oxygen cost ofbreathing. Exercise capacity isnot reduced in obese women with dyspnea on exertion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2008

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Obesity
  • Shortness of breath during exercise
  • Work of breathing
  • breathlessness during exertion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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