E-cigarette use in young adult never cigarette smokers with disabilities: Results from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system survey

Nkiruka C. Atuegwu, Mark D. Litt, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Reinhard C. Laubenbacher, Mario F. Perez, Eric M. Mortensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Young adult never cigarette smokers with disabilities may be at particular risk for adopting e-cigarettes, but little attention has been paid to these people. This study examines the associations between different types of disability and e-cigarette use in this population. Young adult never-smokers from the 2016–2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey who were either never or current e-cigarette users (n = 79,177) were selected for the analysis. The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) algorithm was used to select confounders for multivariable logistic regression models. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the associations between current e-cigarette use and different types of disability after incorporating BRFSS survey design and adjusting for confounders. Young adult never-smokers who reported any disability had increased odds (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.18–1.76) of e-cigarette use compared to those who reported no disability. Young adult never-smokers who reported self-care, cognitive, vision, and independent living disabilities had higher odds of e-cigarette use compared to those who reported no disability. There was no statistically significant difference in the odds of e-cigarette use for those reporting hearing and mobility disabilities compared to those who reported no disability. This study highlights the need for increased public education and cessation programs for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5476
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BRFSS
  • Disability
  • E-cigarette
  • Electronic nicotine delivery system
  • ENDS
  • LASSO
  • Machine learning
  • Never-smokers
  • Vaping
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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