Early and late auditory information processing show opposing deviations in aniridia

Anastasia M. Bobilev, Matthew E. Hudgens-Haney, Jordan P. Hamm, William T. Oliver, Jennifer E. McDowell, James D. Lauderdale, Brett A. Clementz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aniridia is a congenital disorder, predominantly caused by heterozygous mutations of the PAX6 gene. While ocular defects have been extensively characterized in this population, brain-related anatomical and functional abnormalities are emerging as a prominent feature of the disorder. Individuals with aniridia frequently exhibit auditory processing deficits despite normal audiograms. While previous studies have reported hypoplasia of the anterior commissure and corpus callosum in some of these individuals, the neurophysiological basis of these impairments remains unexplored. This study provides direct assessment of neural activity related to auditory processing in aniridia. Participants were presented with tones designed to elicit an auditory steady-state response (ASSR) at 22 Hz, 40 Hz, and 84 Hz, and infrequent broadband target tones to maintain attention during electroencephalography (EEG) recording. Persons with aniridia showed increased early cortical responses (P50 AEP) in response to all tones, and increased high-frequency oscillatory entrainment (84 Hz ASSR). In contrast, this group showed a decreased cortical integration response (P300 AEP to target tones) and reduced neural entrainment to cortical beta-band stimuli (22 Hz ASSR). Collectively, our results suggest that subcortical and early cortical auditory processing is augmented in aniridia, while functional cortical integration of auditory information is deficient in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number146307
JournalBrain Research
Volume1720
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Aniridia
  • Auditory evoked potential
  • Auditory steady state response
  • Electroencephalography
  • PAX6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Early and late auditory information processing show opposing deviations in aniridia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this