Early androgen deficiency in infants and young boys with 47,XXY Klinefelter syndrome

Judith L. Ross, Carole Samango-Sprouse, Najiba Lahlou, Karen Kowal, Frederick F. Elder, Andrew Zinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is characterized by the karyotype 47,XXY. In this study, we evaluated the physical and testicular failure phenotypes of infants and young boys with KS. Methods: The evaluation included auxologic measurements, biologic indices of testicular function, and clinical assessment of muscle tone in 22 infants and young boys with KS, ages 1-23 months. Results: Mean length, weight, and head circumference in SDS were generally within the normal range at -0.3 ± 1.0, -0.1 ± 1.4, and 0.0 ± 1.5, respectively. Mean penile length and testicular volume SDS were -0.9 ± 0.8 and -1.1 ± 0.8, indicating significantly reduced penile and testicular size. Mean testosterone levels for the boys ≤6 and >6-23 months were 128 ± 131 (4.4 ± 4.5 n mol/l) and 9.5 ± 7.2 ng/dl (0.3 ± 0.2 n mol/l), respectively. High-arched palate was observed in 6/17 boys and clinodactyly (5th finger) was observed in 15/16 boys. Hypotonia was evaluated clinically and was noted to be present in 12/17 boys. Conclusion: The physical phenotype in infants and young boys with KS (1-23 months old) includes normal auxologic measurements and early evidence of testicular failure. Muscle tone was decreased in most of the boys. Testicular volume and penile length were diminished, indicating early androgen deficiency. The neonatal surge in testosterone was attenuated in our KS population. Thus, infants and young boys with KS have evidence of early testicular failure. The etiology of this failure and the clinical role of early androgen replacement require further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalHormone Research
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Fingerprint

Klinefelter Syndrome
Androgens
Muscle Hypotonia
Testosterone
Phenotype
Palate
Karyotype
Fingers
Reference Values
Head
Weights and Measures
Muscles

Keywords

  • Early androgen deficiency
  • Karyotype 47,XXY
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Klinefelter syndrome, physical features
  • Testicular failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Early androgen deficiency in infants and young boys with 47,XXY Klinefelter syndrome. / Ross, Judith L.; Samango-Sprouse, Carole; Lahlou, Najiba; Kowal, Karen; Elder, Frederick F.; Zinn, Andrew.

In: Hormone Research, Vol. 64, No. 1, 09.2005, p. 39-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ross, JL, Samango-Sprouse, C, Lahlou, N, Kowal, K, Elder, FF & Zinn, A 2005, 'Early androgen deficiency in infants and young boys with 47,XXY Klinefelter syndrome', Hormone Research, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1159/000087313
Ross, Judith L. ; Samango-Sprouse, Carole ; Lahlou, Najiba ; Kowal, Karen ; Elder, Frederick F. ; Zinn, Andrew. / Early androgen deficiency in infants and young boys with 47,XXY Klinefelter syndrome. In: Hormone Research. 2005 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 39-45.
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AB - Background/Aims: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is characterized by the karyotype 47,XXY. In this study, we evaluated the physical and testicular failure phenotypes of infants and young boys with KS. Methods: The evaluation included auxologic measurements, biologic indices of testicular function, and clinical assessment of muscle tone in 22 infants and young boys with KS, ages 1-23 months. Results: Mean length, weight, and head circumference in SDS were generally within the normal range at -0.3 ± 1.0, -0.1 ± 1.4, and 0.0 ± 1.5, respectively. Mean penile length and testicular volume SDS were -0.9 ± 0.8 and -1.1 ± 0.8, indicating significantly reduced penile and testicular size. Mean testosterone levels for the boys ≤6 and >6-23 months were 128 ± 131 (4.4 ± 4.5 n mol/l) and 9.5 ± 7.2 ng/dl (0.3 ± 0.2 n mol/l), respectively. High-arched palate was observed in 6/17 boys and clinodactyly (5th finger) was observed in 15/16 boys. Hypotonia was evaluated clinically and was noted to be present in 12/17 boys. Conclusion: The physical phenotype in infants and young boys with KS (1-23 months old) includes normal auxologic measurements and early evidence of testicular failure. Muscle tone was decreased in most of the boys. Testicular volume and penile length were diminished, indicating early androgen deficiency. The neonatal surge in testosterone was attenuated in our KS population. Thus, infants and young boys with KS have evidence of early testicular failure. The etiology of this failure and the clinical role of early androgen replacement require further study.

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