Early Detection in the Age of Information Technology

Ekland Abdiwahab, Stephen H. Taplin, Gloria Coronado, Heather Dacus, Melissa Leypoldt, Celette Skinner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large population trials have demonstrated the efficacy of screening for reducing incidence and mortality for breast, colorectal, cervical, and lung cancers. The challenge of screening is that it is not simply a test, but a complex process that requires coordination and communication between patients, providers, and institutions. While information technology (IT) offers many conceptually appealing solutions to the challenge of coordinating care, it is in many cases easier to conceive of electronic solutions than implement them. Despite the many challenges that exist in early detection and the use of IT, organizations are finding novel approaches to overcoming IT challenges that may have implications for future use. This chapter reviews the epidemiology of the four cancers for which screening is recommended, the process of cancer screening, examples of novel applications of IT to support the process, and raises questions and opportunities to consider new IT applications in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOncology Informatics
Subtitle of host publicationUsing Health Information Technology to Improve Processes and Outcomes in Cancer
PublisherElsevier
Pages123-143
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9780128021156
ISBN (Print)9780128022009
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • cancer mortality
  • care coordination
  • clinical decision support
  • Early detection
  • information technology
  • meaningful use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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