Early innate immune events induced by prolonged cold ischemia exacerbate allograft vasculopathy

Jennifer J. Devitt, Chelsey L. King, Timothy D.G. Lee, Camille L. Hancock Friesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ischemia/reperfusion induced innate immune injury is inescapable in solid organ transplantation. Prolonged cold ischemia exacerbates the primary manifestation of late graft rejection, allograft vasculopathy (AV). The relationship between prolonged cold ischemia and late graft events is unclear and the subject of this study.Methods: Aortic interposition transplants were performed between fully disparate mice treated with CyclosporineA. Allografts were exposed to 20 min or 60 min of cold ischemia and harvested between 1 d-6 wk. Lesion size, smooth muscle cells (SMC), neutrophils (N∅), and CD8+ T cells were quantified.Results: Early SMC loss was identical in both groups. When compared to 20 min cold ischemia, grafts exposed to 60 min exhibited greater early N∅ influx, greater SMC proliferation but fewer medial SMC at 1 wk and 2 wk. Subsequently, earlier and greater CD8+ T cell infiltration were seen in the 60 min group with larger lesions at every time point.Conclusions: These data suggest that the larger neointimal lesions in grafts exposed to 60 min cold ischemia result from enhanced early innate immune events resulting in impaired SMC recovery and subsequent increased adaptive immune response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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