The aims of this study are to assess any relationship between peribiliary hyperenhancement on MRI in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and their Mayo risk score and to assess which timing of peribiliary hyperenhancement correlates best with the Mayo risk score. In this HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved retrospective study, 101 patients who underwent MRI for known or suspected PSC were identified. Of those, 62 patients (mean age 48 years; 40 males) were diagnosed with PSC by a hepatologist based on findings on MRI, ERCP, and/or liver biopsy, and comprise the final cohort. Data were recorded on whether peribiliary hyperenhancement was present, the post-contrast phase and the extent of involvement. The components to calculate the Mayo risk score were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using the student T test, Fisher’s exact test, and the Kaplan–Meier estimate. Of 62 patients, 41 (66.1%) patients had a low-Mayo risk score (<0), 14 (22.6%) had an intermediate-risk score (≤2 and >0), and 7 (11.3%) had a high-risk score (>2). On MRI, 29 (46.8%) patients demonstrated arterial peribiliary hyperenhancement. Both the presence and extent of peribiliary hyperenhancement showed significant associations with Mayo risk score (p < 0.01). Using the combined end point of liver transplantation or death, there was a statistically significant difference in survival times between those with and those without arterial peribiliary hyperenhancement (p < 0.05). The presence of arterial peribiliary hyperenhancement in patients with PSC on MRI is associated with higher Mayo risk scores and may suggest a poorer prognosis.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Mayo risk score
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging