Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent: The role of para-aortic lymph node dissection

Jayanthi S. Lea, Ellen E. Sheets, Linda R. Duska, David S. Miller, John O. Schorge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Previous reports suggest that cervical adenocarcinomas have a unique pattern of spread and are more apt to metastasize to para-aortic lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to further define the node of para-aortic lymph node dissection in early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent. Methods. Institutional review board approval was obtained to perform a computerized search of the data of all women diagnosed with cervical adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 2000. Hospital charts were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was obtained from the tumor registry, medical records, and correspondence with health care providers. Results. Three hundred (87%) of 345 early-stage (FIGO IA1-IIA) cervical adenocarcinoma patients were primarily treated by surgical intent. Two hundred seventy-six underwent pelvic and para-aortic node dissection (n = 69) or pelvic node dissection only (n = 207); 24 had no lymph node dissection. The median number of lymph nodes removed was 13 pelvic (range, 1-58) and 3 para-aortic (range, 1-17). Three (4%) of 69 patients had para-aortic nodal metastases. Each had either grossly evident para-aortic adenopathy (n = 2) or an adnexal metastasis. Thirty-six of 40 women developing recurrent disease had at least some component of pelvic recurrence; 4 had only extrapelvic disease. Three patients undergoing para-aortic node dissection developed an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative para-aortic nodes (n = 2) or treatment by extended-field radiation for para-aortic metastases. One woman undergoing only pelvic node dissection had an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative nodes. Conclusions. Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma primarily treated by surgical intent has a very low risk of para-aortic metastases. These were detected only when there was gross evidence of nodal or adnexal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-288
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Lymph Node Excision
Adenocarcinoma
Dissection
Neoplasm Metastasis
Recurrence
Adnexal Diseases
Lymph Nodes
Research Ethics Committees
Health Personnel
Medical Records
Registries
Radiation
Neoplasms
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Oncology

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Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent : The role of para-aortic lymph node dissection. / Lea, Jayanthi S.; Sheets, Ellen E.; Duska, Linda R.; Miller, David S.; Schorge, John O.

In: Gynecologic Oncology, Vol. 84, No. 2, 2002, p. 285-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective. Previous reports suggest that cervical adenocarcinomas have a unique pattern of spread and are more apt to metastasize to para-aortic lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to further define the node of para-aortic lymph node dissection in early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent. Methods. Institutional review board approval was obtained to perform a computerized search of the data of all women diagnosed with cervical adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 2000. Hospital charts were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was obtained from the tumor registry, medical records, and correspondence with health care providers. Results. Three hundred (87{\%}) of 345 early-stage (FIGO IA1-IIA) cervical adenocarcinoma patients were primarily treated by surgical intent. Two hundred seventy-six underwent pelvic and para-aortic node dissection (n = 69) or pelvic node dissection only (n = 207); 24 had no lymph node dissection. The median number of lymph nodes removed was 13 pelvic (range, 1-58) and 3 para-aortic (range, 1-17). Three (4{\%}) of 69 patients had para-aortic nodal metastases. Each had either grossly evident para-aortic adenopathy (n = 2) or an adnexal metastasis. Thirty-six of 40 women developing recurrent disease had at least some component of pelvic recurrence; 4 had only extrapelvic disease. Three patients undergoing para-aortic node dissection developed an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative para-aortic nodes (n = 2) or treatment by extended-field radiation for para-aortic metastases. One woman undergoing only pelvic node dissection had an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative nodes. Conclusions. Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma primarily treated by surgical intent has a very low risk of para-aortic metastases. These were detected only when there was gross evidence of nodal or adnexal disease.",
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AU - Schorge, John O.

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N2 - Objective. Previous reports suggest that cervical adenocarcinomas have a unique pattern of spread and are more apt to metastasize to para-aortic lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to further define the node of para-aortic lymph node dissection in early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent. Methods. Institutional review board approval was obtained to perform a computerized search of the data of all women diagnosed with cervical adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 2000. Hospital charts were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was obtained from the tumor registry, medical records, and correspondence with health care providers. Results. Three hundred (87%) of 345 early-stage (FIGO IA1-IIA) cervical adenocarcinoma patients were primarily treated by surgical intent. Two hundred seventy-six underwent pelvic and para-aortic node dissection (n = 69) or pelvic node dissection only (n = 207); 24 had no lymph node dissection. The median number of lymph nodes removed was 13 pelvic (range, 1-58) and 3 para-aortic (range, 1-17). Three (4%) of 69 patients had para-aortic nodal metastases. Each had either grossly evident para-aortic adenopathy (n = 2) or an adnexal metastasis. Thirty-six of 40 women developing recurrent disease had at least some component of pelvic recurrence; 4 had only extrapelvic disease. Three patients undergoing para-aortic node dissection developed an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative para-aortic nodes (n = 2) or treatment by extended-field radiation for para-aortic metastases. One woman undergoing only pelvic node dissection had an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative nodes. Conclusions. Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma primarily treated by surgical intent has a very low risk of para-aortic metastases. These were detected only when there was gross evidence of nodal or adnexal disease.

AB - Objective. Previous reports suggest that cervical adenocarcinomas have a unique pattern of spread and are more apt to metastasize to para-aortic lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to further define the node of para-aortic lymph node dissection in early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma treated by surgical intent. Methods. Institutional review board approval was obtained to perform a computerized search of the data of all women diagnosed with cervical adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 2000. Hospital charts were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was obtained from the tumor registry, medical records, and correspondence with health care providers. Results. Three hundred (87%) of 345 early-stage (FIGO IA1-IIA) cervical adenocarcinoma patients were primarily treated by surgical intent. Two hundred seventy-six underwent pelvic and para-aortic node dissection (n = 69) or pelvic node dissection only (n = 207); 24 had no lymph node dissection. The median number of lymph nodes removed was 13 pelvic (range, 1-58) and 3 para-aortic (range, 1-17). Three (4%) of 69 patients had para-aortic nodal metastases. Each had either grossly evident para-aortic adenopathy (n = 2) or an adnexal metastasis. Thirty-six of 40 women developing recurrent disease had at least some component of pelvic recurrence; 4 had only extrapelvic disease. Three patients undergoing para-aortic node dissection developed an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative para-aortic nodes (n = 2) or treatment by extended-field radiation for para-aortic metastases. One woman undergoing only pelvic node dissection had an isolated extrapelvic recurrence despite originally negative nodes. Conclusions. Early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma primarily treated by surgical intent has a very low risk of para-aortic metastases. These were detected only when there was gross evidence of nodal or adnexal disease.

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