Purpose: This study examined survival in newborn patients after congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair. Methods: We analyzed the Kids' Inpatient Database Years 2000, 2003, and 2006 for patients admitted at fewer than 8 d of age undergoing CDH repair. We analyzed patient demographics, clinical characteristics, socioeconomic measures, hospital type, operative case volume, and survival using Fisher's exact test and a multivariate binary logistic regression model. Results: Of 847 patients identified, most were male (61%) and white (57%), were treated at urban (99.8%) and teaching (96%) hospitals, and had private insurance (57%). Survival to discharge was 95% in non-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients versus 51% for those requiring ECMO (P < 0.0001). Univariate analysis revealed significantly lower survival rates in blacks, Medicaid patients, and patients undergoing repair after 7 d of life. Among ECMO patients, we noted higher survival rates at hospitals conducting four or more ECMO cases per year (66% versus 47%; P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis identified ECMO (hazards ratio [HR] 16.23, P < 0.001), CDH repair at >7 d of age (HR 2.70, P = 0.004), and ECMO patients repaired at hospitals performing <4 CDH ECMO cases per year (HR 3.59, P = 0.03) as independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: We conclude that ECMO hospital volume is associated with survival in patients requiring ECMO for CDH repair.
- Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
- Population-based study
ASJC Scopus subject areas