Background: Edifoligide, an E2F transcription factor decoy, does not prevent vein graft failure or adverse clinical outcomes at 1 year in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We compared the 5-year clinical outcomes of patients in PREVENT IV treated with edifoligide and placebo to identify predictors of long-term clinical outcomes. Methods: A total of 3,014 patients undergoing CABG with at least 2 planned vein grafts were enrolled. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to compare the long-term effects of edifoligide and placebo. A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed to identify factors associated with 5-year post-CABG outcomes. The main outcome measures were death, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, and rehospitalization through 5 years. Results: Five-year follow-up was complete in 2,865 patients (95.1%). At 5 years, patients randomized to edifoligide and placebo had similar rates of death (11.7% and 10.7%, respectively), MI (2.3% and 3.2%), revascularization (14.1% and 13.9%), and rehospitalization (61.6% and 62.5%). The composite outcome of death, MI, or revascularization occurred at similar frequency in patients assigned to edifoligide and placebo (26.3% and 25.5%, respectively; hazard ratio 1.03 [95% CI 0.89-1.18], P =.721). Factors associated with death, MI, or revascularization at 5 years included peripheral and/or cerebrovascular disease, time on cardiopulmonary bypass, lung disease, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure. Conclusions: Up to a quarter of patients undergoing CABG will have a major cardiac event or repeat revascularization procedure within 5 years of surgery. Edifoligide does not affect outcomes after CABG; however, common identifiable baseline and procedural risk factors are associated with long-term outcomes after CABG.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine