Effect of 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA on suicide in areas surrounding the crash sites

Cynthia A. Claassen, Thomas Carmody, Sunita M. Stewart, Robert M. Bossarte, Gregory L. Larkin, Wayne A. Woodward, Madhukar H. Trivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Background: The terrorist attacks in the USA on 11 September 2001 affected suicide rates in two European countries, whereas overall US rates remained stable. The effect on attack site rates, however, has not been studied. Aims: To examine post-attack suicide rates in areas surrounding the three airline crash sites. Method; Daily mortality rates were modelled using time series techniques. Where rate change was significant, both duration and geographic scope were analysed. Results: Around the World Trade Center, post-attack 180-day rates dropped significantly (t = 2.4, P = 0.0046), whereas comparison condition rates remained stable. No change was observed for Pentagon or Flight 93 crash sites. Conclusions: The differential effect by site suggests that proximity may be less important that other event characteristics. Both temporal and geographic aspects of rate fluctuation after sentinel events appear measurable and further analyses may contribute valuable knowledge about how sociological forces affect these rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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