The effects of Al3+ and F- on the catecholamine-stimulated GTPase cycle were studied by using reconstituted phospholipid vesicles that contained purified β-adrenergic receptor and the stimulatory GTP-binding protein of the adenylate cyclase system, Gs. Al3+/F- activated reconstituted Gs to levels previously reported for detergent-solubilized, purified Gs, although both activation and deactivation were faster in the reconstituted preparation. Under these conditions, Al3+/F- did not inhibit by more than 15% the β-adrenergic agonist-stimulated GTPase activity of the vesicles nor did it significantly inhibit the rates of GTP binding, GTP hydrolysis, or GDP release. When Mg2+ (50 mM) was used instead of agonist to promote GTP hydrolysis in the receptor-Gs vesicles, Al3+/F- was found to inhibit GTPγS binding, GDP release, and steady-state GTPase activity to unstimulated levels. These data can be interpreted as indicating that the receptor catalyzes nucleotide exchange by Gs faster or more efficiently than does Mg2+.
ASJC Scopus subject areas