Effect of bile acid conjugation pattern on bile acid metabolism in normal humans

William G M Hardison, Scott M Grundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six male subjects were fed taurine 0.5 g six times daily for 2 wk to determine the effect of a shift in bile acid conjugation pattern upon bile acid metabolism. Duodenal bile acids were analyzed, and bile acid pool size, daily fecal excretion, and biliary excretion rate were quantified. In addition, daily biliary excretion rate of cholesterol and phospholipid were quantified, and biliary saturation with cholesterol was estimated. The dose of taurine caused reversal of the bile acid glycine-to-taurine conjugation ratio. Total bile acid pool size decreased, as did the pool size of chenodeoxycholic acid. Pool sizes of cholic and deoxycholic acids did not change. Daily fecal bile acid excretion decreased slightly. Biliary secretion rates of cholesterol, phospholipid, and bile acids did not change, nor did biliary cholesterol saturation. Pool size can decrease because of increased bile acid catabolism or decreased synthesis. The fact that bile acid excretion failed to increase, and actually decreased slightly, suggests that the effect is upon bile acid synthesis. In normal humans, the effect is small and probably physiologically unimportant. In special cases, however, such as during ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, the effect of shifting conjugation pattern may become important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-620
Number of pages4
JournalGastroenterology
Volume84
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1983

Fingerprint

Bile Acids and Salts
Taurine
Cholesterol
Phospholipids
Cholic Acids
Chenodeoxycholic Acid
Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Glycine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Effect of bile acid conjugation pattern on bile acid metabolism in normal humans. / Hardison, William G M; Grundy, Scott M.

In: Gastroenterology, Vol. 84, No. 3, 1983, p. 617-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cef9a27f8780468f84c8c8d00127e600,
title = "Effect of bile acid conjugation pattern on bile acid metabolism in normal humans",
abstract = "Six male subjects were fed taurine 0.5 g six times daily for 2 wk to determine the effect of a shift in bile acid conjugation pattern upon bile acid metabolism. Duodenal bile acids were analyzed, and bile acid pool size, daily fecal excretion, and biliary excretion rate were quantified. In addition, daily biliary excretion rate of cholesterol and phospholipid were quantified, and biliary saturation with cholesterol was estimated. The dose of taurine caused reversal of the bile acid glycine-to-taurine conjugation ratio. Total bile acid pool size decreased, as did the pool size of chenodeoxycholic acid. Pool sizes of cholic and deoxycholic acids did not change. Daily fecal bile acid excretion decreased slightly. Biliary secretion rates of cholesterol, phospholipid, and bile acids did not change, nor did biliary cholesterol saturation. Pool size can decrease because of increased bile acid catabolism or decreased synthesis. The fact that bile acid excretion failed to increase, and actually decreased slightly, suggests that the effect is upon bile acid synthesis. In normal humans, the effect is small and probably physiologically unimportant. In special cases, however, such as during ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, the effect of shifting conjugation pattern may become important.",
author = "Hardison, {William G M} and Grundy, {Scott M}",
year = "1983",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "617--620",
journal = "Gastroenterology",
issn = "0016-5085",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of bile acid conjugation pattern on bile acid metabolism in normal humans

AU - Hardison, William G M

AU - Grundy, Scott M

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - Six male subjects were fed taurine 0.5 g six times daily for 2 wk to determine the effect of a shift in bile acid conjugation pattern upon bile acid metabolism. Duodenal bile acids were analyzed, and bile acid pool size, daily fecal excretion, and biliary excretion rate were quantified. In addition, daily biliary excretion rate of cholesterol and phospholipid were quantified, and biliary saturation with cholesterol was estimated. The dose of taurine caused reversal of the bile acid glycine-to-taurine conjugation ratio. Total bile acid pool size decreased, as did the pool size of chenodeoxycholic acid. Pool sizes of cholic and deoxycholic acids did not change. Daily fecal bile acid excretion decreased slightly. Biliary secretion rates of cholesterol, phospholipid, and bile acids did not change, nor did biliary cholesterol saturation. Pool size can decrease because of increased bile acid catabolism or decreased synthesis. The fact that bile acid excretion failed to increase, and actually decreased slightly, suggests that the effect is upon bile acid synthesis. In normal humans, the effect is small and probably physiologically unimportant. In special cases, however, such as during ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, the effect of shifting conjugation pattern may become important.

AB - Six male subjects were fed taurine 0.5 g six times daily for 2 wk to determine the effect of a shift in bile acid conjugation pattern upon bile acid metabolism. Duodenal bile acids were analyzed, and bile acid pool size, daily fecal excretion, and biliary excretion rate were quantified. In addition, daily biliary excretion rate of cholesterol and phospholipid were quantified, and biliary saturation with cholesterol was estimated. The dose of taurine caused reversal of the bile acid glycine-to-taurine conjugation ratio. Total bile acid pool size decreased, as did the pool size of chenodeoxycholic acid. Pool sizes of cholic and deoxycholic acids did not change. Daily fecal bile acid excretion decreased slightly. Biliary secretion rates of cholesterol, phospholipid, and bile acids did not change, nor did biliary cholesterol saturation. Pool size can decrease because of increased bile acid catabolism or decreased synthesis. The fact that bile acid excretion failed to increase, and actually decreased slightly, suggests that the effect is upon bile acid synthesis. In normal humans, the effect is small and probably physiologically unimportant. In special cases, however, such as during ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, the effect of shifting conjugation pattern may become important.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020700911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020700911&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6822329

AN - SCOPUS:0020700911

VL - 84

SP - 617

EP - 620

JO - Gastroenterology

JF - Gastroenterology

SN - 0016-5085

IS - 3

ER -