Effect of cortisol on the synthesis of lamellar body glycerophospholipids in fetal rabbit lung tissue in vitro

Carole R. Mendelson, Jeanne M. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of cortisol on the rate of choline incorporation into tissue phosphatidylcholine was investigated in lung explants from fetal rabbits of 19-28 days gestational age. The explants were incubated in medium with or without fetal calf serum for up to 7 days. When lung tissues were incubated in serum-free medium, a stimulatory effect of cortisol on tissue phosphatidylcholine synthesis was found in explants from 21-, 24-, 26- and 28-day fetal rabbits; a stimulatory effect of cortisol was observed in 19-day fetal lung explants only if fetal calf serum was present in the culture medium. To assess directly the effect of cortisol on the synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylcholine, choline incorporation into phosphatidylcholine associated with a purified lamellar body fraction isolated from lung explants of 21- and 28-day fetal rabbits was also investigated. Cortisol caused a marked stimulation of synthesis and accumulation of lamellar body phosphatidylcholine in lung explants from both 21- and 28-day fetal rabbits. The magnitude of the stimulatory effect of cortisol on the rate of synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylcholine was always greater than the effect of cortisol on the rate of choline incorporation into lipids of tissue homogenates. The relative rates of synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylglycerol were also significantly altered in lung explants from 21- and 28-day fetal rabbits by cortisol treatment. Lamellar bodies that were formed initially in the fetal lung explants were enriched in phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol and had a relatively low phosphatidylglycerol content. With cortisol treatment there was a decrease in the relative rate of synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylinositol and an increase in the relative rate of synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol. The stimulatory effect of cortisol on the synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylcholine was observed at an earlier time-point of incubation than was the effect of cortisol on the relative rates of synthesis of lamellar body phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylglycerol. The temporal sequence of the cortisol-induced changes in the synthesis of lamellar body glycerophospholipids, therefore, reflects that which occurs with maturation in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume834
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 1985

Keywords

  • (Fetal rabbit lung)
  • Cortisol
  • Glycerophospholipid
  • Lamellar body
  • Phospholipid synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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