The clinicopathologic features of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A)-mutated de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and the significance of variant type, variant allele frequency (VAF), and multiple concomitant DNMT3A mutations, remain poorly defined. We examined 104 DNMT3A-mutated de novo AML patients from 2 major centers. Most (82%) had normal karyotype (NK); R882H variants were frequent(38%). The most commonly comutated genes included nucleophosmin (NPM1; 53%), Fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-internal tandem duplication (25%), IDH1 (23%), IDH2 (23%), and TET2 (21%). Patients with high DNMT3A VAF at diagnosis (≥44%; DNMT3AHIGH) had more significant leukocytosis and higher blast counts in peripheral blood and bone marrow. DNMT3AHIGH cases were associated with much shorter event-free survival (EFS; 14.1 vs 56.8 months) and overall survival (OS; 18.3 months vs not reached) compared with cases of patients with low DNMT3A (DNMT3ALOW). Thirteen patients had 2 DNMT3A variants and similar VAFs at diagnosis that tracked together at multiple time points after chemotherapy and/or stem cell transplantation (SCT). In multivariable analyses performed in NK patients who received standard induction chemotherapy, presence of 2 DNMT3A mutations (hazard ratio [HR] 5 3.192; P = .038) and SCT in first complete remission (HR = 0.295; P = .001) independently affected EFS; increasing marrow blast percentage (HR = 1.026; P = .025), high DNMT3A VAF (HR = 3.003; P = .010), and 2 DNMT3A mutations (HR 5 4.816; P = .020) had independent effects on OS. These data support the adverse prognostic significance of DNMT3AHIGH reveal a novel association between 2 concomitant DNMT3A mutations and inferior outcome in DNMT3A-mutated de novo AML with a NK.
ASJC Scopus subject areas