Growth hormone secretion was stimulated in vitro by products of arachidonic acid epoxygenase, the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. 5,6-Epoxyeicosatrienoic and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid stimulated growth hormone release from an enriched population of somatotrophs (~85%) by twofold. Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism by indomethacin did not affect growth hormone-releasing hormone stimulation of growth hormone release. In contast, pretreatment of somatotrophs with an 11,12-isonitrile analogue of arachidonic acid that inhibits arachidonic acid epoxygenase, resulted in a 20-25% inhibition of growth hormone-releasing hormone-stimulated growth hormone release. 14,15-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid stimulated a concentration-dependent increase (twofold) in the cytoplasmic concentration of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in the somatotrophs. 14,15-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid also rapidly increased the intracellular free calcium concentration in somatotrophs from resting levels (~80 nM) to > 250 nM. Growth hormone-leasing hormone increased the free intracellular calcium to 160-180 nM. Preincubation of somatotrophs with somatostatin inhibited growth hormone-releasing hormone-stimulated growth hormone secretion, cAMP accumulation, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid stimulated cAMP accumulation. These data are suggestive that the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids may have a role in the secretion of growth hormone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)