Effect of feeding psyllium and cholestyramine in combination on low density lipoprotein metabolism and fecal bile acid excretion in hamsters with dietary-induced hypercholesterolemia

Stephen D. Turley, Bruce P. Daggy, John M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

We wished to determine the effectiveness of submaximal doses of cholestyramine and psyllium given in combination in reversing dietary- induced hypercholesterolemia in Golden Syrian hamsters, and to investigate the mechanism or mechanisms of action through which these agents together decrease plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in this model. For 30 days, male hamsters were fed a cholesterol-rich cereal-based diet containing either a submaximal dose of cholestyramine (1% wt/wt) alone or in combination with psyllium (either 2 or 4%), or a high dose of cholestyramine (3%) alone. Although the greatest cholesterol-reducing action was achieved with 3% resin alone, in the animals fed one third as much cholestyramine combined with psyllium (4%) LDL-C production decreased from 288 ± 15 to 187 ± 17 μg/h per 100 g body weight, the suppression of LDL- receptor activity was almost fully reversed, plasma LDL-C levels were reduced from 90 ± 8 to 41 ± 5 mg/dl, and hepatic cholesterol content decreased from 17.1 ± 1.9 to 2.4 ± 0.1 mg/g. In the group that received 1% resin alone, the plasma LDL-C and hepatic cholesterol levels were 60 ± 3 mg/dl and 7.2 ± 0.6 mg/g, respectively. As compared with animals that received 1% resin alone, those fed both agents manifested higher rates of fecal bile acid excretion and lower levels of intestinal cholesterol absorption. A significant cholesterol-lowering benefit can he derived from using these nonsystemic agents in combination at lower, more tolerable doses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 1996

Keywords

  • Bile acids
  • Cholestyramine
  • Hamsters
  • Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol metabolism
  • Psyllium
  • Soluble fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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