Effect of high-frequency chest wall oscillation versus chest physiotherapy on lung function after lung transplant

Angeli Esguerra-Gonzales, Monina Ilagan-Honorio, Priscilla Kehoe, Stephanie Fraschilla, Ai Jin Lee, Ashley Madsen, Taline Marcarian, Kristina Mayol-Ngo, Pamela S. Miller, Jay Onga, Betty Rodman, David Ross, Zeba Shameem, Karabi Nandy, Joy Toyama, Susan Sommer, Cheryl Tamonang, Filma Villamor, S. Samuel Weigt, Anna Gawlinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of chest physiotherapy (CPT) and high-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) on lung function in lung transplant recipients. Background: Chest physiotherapy and HFCWO are routinely used after lung transplant to attenuate dyspnea, increase expiratory flow, and improve secretion clearance. Methods: In a two-group experimental, crossover design with repeated-measures, 45 lung transplant recipients (27 single, 18 bilateral; 64% male; mean age, 57years) were randomized to receive CPT at 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM followed by HFCWO at 6:00 PM and 10:00 PM (n=22) or vice versa (n=23) on postoperative day 3. Dyspnea (modified Borg score), Spo2/FiO2, and peak expiratory flow (PEF) were measured pre-treatment and post-treatment. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests, t tests, and linear mixed effects models. Results: There was no statistically significant treatment effect for dyspnea or PEF in patients who received HFCWO versus CPT. However, there was a significant treatment effect on the Spo2/FiO2 ratio (p<0.0001). Conclusions: Preliminary results suggest that lung function (measured by Spo2/FiO2) improves with HFWCO after lung transplantation. Although dyspnea and PEF did not differ significantly between treatment types, HFCWO may be an effective, feasible alternative to CPT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Nursing Research
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chest physiotherapy
  • High frequency chest wall oscillation
  • Lung transplant
  • Post-lung transplant
  • Pulmonary hygiene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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    Esguerra-Gonzales, A., Ilagan-Honorio, M., Kehoe, P., Fraschilla, S., Lee, A. J., Madsen, A., Marcarian, T., Mayol-Ngo, K., Miller, P. S., Onga, J., Rodman, B., Ross, D., Shameem, Z., Nandy, K., Toyama, J., Sommer, S., Tamonang, C., Villamor, F., Weigt, S. S., & Gawlinski, A. (2014). Effect of high-frequency chest wall oscillation versus chest physiotherapy on lung function after lung transplant. Applied Nursing Research, 27(1), 59-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2013.11.005