Background: A recent report determined that the nationwide mortality for renal artery bypass (RAB) is surprisingly high-10%. We hypothesized that operative mortality for RAB is related to the volume of such operations performed in each center. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was analyzed to identify patients undergoing RAB for the years 2000-2005. In-hospital mortality for RAB was compared between hospitals. Results: During the study period, RAB was performed on 7413 patients with an overall in-hospital mortality of 9.6%. The multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that after adjusting for surgical risk, increasing hospital volume was significantly associated with decreased in-hospital mortality for RAB (odds ratio 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-0.99; P =.015). Conclusions: Patient risk profile and hospital volume are critical determinants of in-hospital mortality for RAB, which should be factored into decision making for patients requiring intervention for renovascular disease.
- Renal artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine