Effective methods of fungal treatment involve reduction in fungal infections and host inflammatory responses. Naftifine (NF), a topical antifungal agent, is highly active in vitro and in vivo against a wide range of pathogenic fungi. Additionally NF has been shown to inhibit polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) chemotaxis and respiratory burst activity in an irreversible dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Since leukocyte adherence to endothelia is believed to be one of the initial crucial events in the recruitment of circulating leukocytes to the site of inflammation, we have investigated the in vitro effect of NF on PMN adherence to nylon fiber, BSA-coated glass chamber or polystyrene, and endothelial mono-layers via three adherence assays. All three assays demonstrated a statistically significant reduction (p < 0.01-0.001) in PMN adherence to the respective media. In particular, NF (at 30-60 μg/ml) significantly inhibited PMN adherence to endothelial monolayers (p < 0.01) as measured spectrophotometrically by the uptake of rose bengal stain. Therefore, NF inhibits PMN adherence to endothelia in our in vitro model system. This inhibition may constitute part of the anti-inflammatory effect of NF.
- Neutrophil adhesion
ASJC Scopus subject areas