Effect of plantarflexion resistance of an ankle-foot orthosis on ankle and knee joint power during gait in individuals post-stroke

Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S. Orendurff, Madeline L. Singer, Fan Gao, Grace Hunt, K. Bo Foreman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Plantarflexion resistance of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) plays an important role to prevent foot-drop, but its impact on push-off has not been well investigated in individuals post-stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of plantarflexion resistance of an articulated AFO on ankle and knee joint power of the limb wearing the AFO in individuals post-stroke. Gait analysis was performed on 10 individuals with chronic stroke using a Vicon 3-dimensional motion capture system and a Bertec split-belt instrumented treadmill. They walked on the treadmill under 4 plantarflexion resistance levels (S1 < S2<S3 < S4) set on the AFO with resistance adjustable ankle joints. The ankle and knee joint power calculations were performed using Visual3D, and mean values were plotted across a gait cycle. Statistical analyses revealed significant differences in the peak ankle joint power generation according to the plantarflexion resistance of the AFO (P = 0.008). No significant differences were found in the knee joint power. Peak ankle joint power generation [Median (IQR: Interquartile range)] were S1: 0.0517 (0.0238–0.1071) W/kg, S2: 0.0342 (0.0132–0.0862) W/kg, S3: 0.0353 (0.0127–0.0821) W/kg, and S4: 0.0234 (0.0087–0.06764) W/kg. Reduction of the peak ankle joint power generation appeared to be related to reduction in the peak plantarflexion angular velocity at late stance due to increases in the plantarflexion resistance of the AFO. This study showed that peak ankle joint power generation was significantly, and somewhat systematically, affected by plantarflexion resistance of the AFO in individuals post-stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-180
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2018

Fingerprint

Foot Orthoses
Ankle Joint
Knee Joint
Gait
Ankle
Power generation
Stroke
Exercise equipment
Gait analysis
Angular velocity
Foot
Extremities

Keywords

  • AFO
  • Gait
  • Hemiplegia
  • Orthotics
  • Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Effect of plantarflexion resistance of an ankle-foot orthosis on ankle and knee joint power during gait in individuals post-stroke. / Kobayashi, Toshiki; Orendurff, Michael S.; Singer, Madeline L.; Gao, Fan; Hunt, Grace; Foreman, K. Bo.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 75, 25.06.2018, p. 176-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kobayashi, Toshiki ; Orendurff, Michael S. ; Singer, Madeline L. ; Gao, Fan ; Hunt, Grace ; Foreman, K. Bo. / Effect of plantarflexion resistance of an ankle-foot orthosis on ankle and knee joint power during gait in individuals post-stroke. In: Journal of Biomechanics. 2018 ; Vol. 75. pp. 176-180.
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