Fru 6-P,2-kinase:Fru 2,6-Pase is a bifunctional enzyme, consisting of highly conserved catalytic domains and variable regulatory domains. The regulatory domains reside in either the N- or the C-terminus, depending upon the isozyme. The rat testis enzyme (RT2K) lacks the regulatory domain, but the rat liver and the bovine heart enzymes contain phosphorylation site(s) in the N- and the C-termini, respectively. In order to determine whether the regulatory domains can be swapped, we have constructed mutant enzymes in which the N- or the C-terminal tail of the testis enzyme was replaced with that of either the liver or the heart enzyme. The substitution with the N- terminus of the liver enzyme (RLN-RT2K) resulted in a small change in the kinetic properties of Fru 6-P,2-kinase, but that with the heart enzyme increased the K(Fru 6-P) 18-fold without affecting the V(max). The substitution with the C-terminus of the heart enzyme had little effect. The phosphorylation of RLN-RT2K increased K(Fru 6-P) fivefold as in the liver enzyme but did not affect the Fru 2,6-Pase, unlike the liver enzyme. All these mutant enzymes were more thermally labile than the wild type testis enzyme. RLN-RT2K was more sensitive to the denaturant. These results suggest that the N-terminus of the liver enzyme could interact with the kinase domain of the testis enzyme, regulating the kinase activity but was unable to affect the phosphatase domain. These differences could be explained by the large differences in net charges of the terminal tails.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology