Effect of the nature of donor atoms on the thermodynamic, kinetic and relaxation properties of Mn(II) complexes formed with some trisubstituted 12-membered macrocyclic ligands

Zoltán Garda, Eniko Molnár, Ferenc K. Kálmán, Richárd Botár, Viktória Nagy, Zsolt Baranyai, Erno Brücher, Zoltán Kovács, Imre Tóth, Gyula Tircsó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past few years increasing attention has been devoted to Mn(II) complexes as possible substitutes for Gd(III) complexes as contrast agents in MRI. Equilibrium (log KMnL or pMn value), kinetic parameters (rates and half-lives of dissociation) and relaxivity of the Mn(II) complexes formed with 12-membered macrocyclic ligands were studied. The ligands were selected in a way to gain information on how the ligand rigidity, the nature of the donor atoms in the macrocycle (pyridine N, amine N, and etheric O atom), the nature of the pendant arms (carboxylates, phosphonates, primary, secondary and tertiary amides) affect the physicochemical parameters of the Mn(II) complexes. As expected, decreasing the denticity of DOTA (to afford DO3A) resulted in a drop in the stability and inertness of [Mn(DO3A)]- compared to [Mn(DOTA)]2-. This decrease can be compensated partially by incorporating the fourth nitrogen atom into a pyridine ring (e.g., PCTA) or by replacement with an etheric oxygen atom (ODO3A). Moreover, the substitution of primary amides for acetates resulted in a noticeable drop in the stability constant (PC3AMH), but it increased as the primary amides (PC3AMH) were replaced by secondary (PC3AMGly) or tertiary amide (PC3AMPip) pendants. The inertness of the Mn(II) complexes behaved alike as the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation increased going from DOTA (k1 = 0.040 M-1s-1) to DO3A (k1 = 0.45 M-1s-1). However, the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation decreased from 0.112 M-1s-1 observed for the anionic Mn(II) complex of PCTA to 0.0107 M-1s-1 and 0.00458 M-1s-1 for the cationic Mn(II) complexes of PC3AMH and PC3AMPip ligands, respectively. In spite of its lower denticity (as compared to DOTA) the sterically more hindered amide complex ([Mn(PC3AMPip)]2+) displays surprisingly high conditional stability (pMn = 8.86 vs. pMn = 9.74 for [Mn(PCTA)]-) and excellent kinetic inertness. The substitution of phosphonates for the acetate pendant arms (DOTP and DO3P), however, resulted in a noticeable drop in the conditional stability as well as dissociation kinetic parameters of the corresponding Mn(II) complexes ([Mn(DOTP)]6- and [Mn(DO3P)]4-) underlining that the phosphonate pedant should not be considered as a suitable building block for further ligand design while the tertiary amide moiety will likely have some implications in this respect in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number232
JournalFrontiers in Chemistry
Volume6
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Amides
Thermodynamics
Ligands
Organophosphonates
Atoms
Kinetics
Kinetic parameters
Acetates
Substitution reactions
Acids
Rigidity
Magnetic resonance imaging
Contrast Media
Amines
Nitrogen
Oxygen
2,3-dihydro-5H-oxazolo(3,2-a)thieno(3,2-d)pyrimidin-5-one
pyridine

Keywords

  • Contrast agents for MRI
  • Inertness
  • Mn(II) complexes
  • Relaxivity
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of the nature of donor atoms on the thermodynamic, kinetic and relaxation properties of Mn(II) complexes formed with some trisubstituted 12-membered macrocyclic ligands. / Garda, Zoltán; Molnár, Eniko; Kálmán, Ferenc K.; Botár, Richárd; Nagy, Viktória; Baranyai, Zsolt; Brücher, Erno; Kovács, Zoltán; Tóth, Imre; Tircsó, Gyula.

In: Frontiers in Chemistry, Vol. 6, No. AUG, 232, 01.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garda, Zoltán ; Molnár, Eniko ; Kálmán, Ferenc K. ; Botár, Richárd ; Nagy, Viktória ; Baranyai, Zsolt ; Brücher, Erno ; Kovács, Zoltán ; Tóth, Imre ; Tircsó, Gyula. / Effect of the nature of donor atoms on the thermodynamic, kinetic and relaxation properties of Mn(II) complexes formed with some trisubstituted 12-membered macrocyclic ligands. In: Frontiers in Chemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. AUG.
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T1 - Effect of the nature of donor atoms on the thermodynamic, kinetic and relaxation properties of Mn(II) complexes formed with some trisubstituted 12-membered macrocyclic ligands

AU - Garda, Zoltán

AU - Molnár, Eniko

AU - Kálmán, Ferenc K.

AU - Botár, Richárd

AU - Nagy, Viktória

AU - Baranyai, Zsolt

AU - Brücher, Erno

AU - Kovács, Zoltán

AU - Tóth, Imre

AU - Tircsó, Gyula

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N2 - During the past few years increasing attention has been devoted to Mn(II) complexes as possible substitutes for Gd(III) complexes as contrast agents in MRI. Equilibrium (log KMnL or pMn value), kinetic parameters (rates and half-lives of dissociation) and relaxivity of the Mn(II) complexes formed with 12-membered macrocyclic ligands were studied. The ligands were selected in a way to gain information on how the ligand rigidity, the nature of the donor atoms in the macrocycle (pyridine N, amine N, and etheric O atom), the nature of the pendant arms (carboxylates, phosphonates, primary, secondary and tertiary amides) affect the physicochemical parameters of the Mn(II) complexes. As expected, decreasing the denticity of DOTA (to afford DO3A) resulted in a drop in the stability and inertness of [Mn(DO3A)]- compared to [Mn(DOTA)]2-. This decrease can be compensated partially by incorporating the fourth nitrogen atom into a pyridine ring (e.g., PCTA) or by replacement with an etheric oxygen atom (ODO3A). Moreover, the substitution of primary amides for acetates resulted in a noticeable drop in the stability constant (PC3AMH), but it increased as the primary amides (PC3AMH) were replaced by secondary (PC3AMGly) or tertiary amide (PC3AMPip) pendants. The inertness of the Mn(II) complexes behaved alike as the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation increased going from DOTA (k1 = 0.040 M-1s-1) to DO3A (k1 = 0.45 M-1s-1). However, the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation decreased from 0.112 M-1s-1 observed for the anionic Mn(II) complex of PCTA to 0.0107 M-1s-1 and 0.00458 M-1s-1 for the cationic Mn(II) complexes of PC3AMH and PC3AMPip ligands, respectively. In spite of its lower denticity (as compared to DOTA) the sterically more hindered amide complex ([Mn(PC3AMPip)]2+) displays surprisingly high conditional stability (pMn = 8.86 vs. pMn = 9.74 for [Mn(PCTA)]-) and excellent kinetic inertness. The substitution of phosphonates for the acetate pendant arms (DOTP and DO3P), however, resulted in a noticeable drop in the conditional stability as well as dissociation kinetic parameters of the corresponding Mn(II) complexes ([Mn(DOTP)]6- and [Mn(DO3P)]4-) underlining that the phosphonate pedant should not be considered as a suitable building block for further ligand design while the tertiary amide moiety will likely have some implications in this respect in the future.

AB - During the past few years increasing attention has been devoted to Mn(II) complexes as possible substitutes for Gd(III) complexes as contrast agents in MRI. Equilibrium (log KMnL or pMn value), kinetic parameters (rates and half-lives of dissociation) and relaxivity of the Mn(II) complexes formed with 12-membered macrocyclic ligands were studied. The ligands were selected in a way to gain information on how the ligand rigidity, the nature of the donor atoms in the macrocycle (pyridine N, amine N, and etheric O atom), the nature of the pendant arms (carboxylates, phosphonates, primary, secondary and tertiary amides) affect the physicochemical parameters of the Mn(II) complexes. As expected, decreasing the denticity of DOTA (to afford DO3A) resulted in a drop in the stability and inertness of [Mn(DO3A)]- compared to [Mn(DOTA)]2-. This decrease can be compensated partially by incorporating the fourth nitrogen atom into a pyridine ring (e.g., PCTA) or by replacement with an etheric oxygen atom (ODO3A). Moreover, the substitution of primary amides for acetates resulted in a noticeable drop in the stability constant (PC3AMH), but it increased as the primary amides (PC3AMH) were replaced by secondary (PC3AMGly) or tertiary amide (PC3AMPip) pendants. The inertness of the Mn(II) complexes behaved alike as the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation increased going from DOTA (k1 = 0.040 M-1s-1) to DO3A (k1 = 0.45 M-1s-1). However, the rates of acid catalyzed dissociation decreased from 0.112 M-1s-1 observed for the anionic Mn(II) complex of PCTA to 0.0107 M-1s-1 and 0.00458 M-1s-1 for the cationic Mn(II) complexes of PC3AMH and PC3AMPip ligands, respectively. In spite of its lower denticity (as compared to DOTA) the sterically more hindered amide complex ([Mn(PC3AMPip)]2+) displays surprisingly high conditional stability (pMn = 8.86 vs. pMn = 9.74 for [Mn(PCTA)]-) and excellent kinetic inertness. The substitution of phosphonates for the acetate pendant arms (DOTP and DO3P), however, resulted in a noticeable drop in the conditional stability as well as dissociation kinetic parameters of the corresponding Mn(II) complexes ([Mn(DOTP)]6- and [Mn(DO3P)]4-) underlining that the phosphonate pedant should not be considered as a suitable building block for further ligand design while the tertiary amide moiety will likely have some implications in this respect in the future.

KW - Contrast agents for MRI

KW - Inertness

KW - Mn(II) complexes

KW - Relaxivity

KW - Stability

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