Purpose. Human uveal melanoma cells have been shown to produce plasminogen activator (PA), an enzyme which can enhance tumor metastasis by promoting degradation of extracellular matrix. This study used cultured human uveal melanoma cells to determine whether the PA production of uveal melanoma cells could be modulated by transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2), a mitogen present in the uvea. Methods. Five different cell lines of human uveal melanoma of differing cellular morphology (2 spindle, 2 epithelioid, 1 mixed) derived from tumors from different locations in the eye (3 choroidal, 1 ciliochoroidal, 1 orbital) were grown in serum free media, in the presence or absence of TGF-beta2 (1 ng/ml to 100 ng/ml). After 24 hrs, the conditioned media were collected and quantitated for PA activity by measuring the radial diffusion in fibrin-agarose clot and for total PA concentration using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results. Among the cell lines studied, all produced PA. Cell lines derived from intraocular tumors secreted tissue-type PA (tPA), and TGF-beta2 stimulated tPA activity and secretion of cell lines containing epithelioid cells but had no effect on spindle cells. In contrast, tumor cells isolated from an orbital tumor secreted urokinase (uPA), activity and secretion of which was inhibited by TGF-beta2. Conclusions. We conclude that cultured human uveal melanoma cells produce either tPA or uPA, and TGF-beta2 can have a variable effect on PA production of these cells.
- Growth factors
- Plasminogen activator
- Transforming growth factor-beta
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience