Effectiveness of initiating treatment with valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide in patients with stage-1 or stage-2 hypertension

D. H. Zappe, B. F. Palmer, D. A. Calhoun, D. Purkayastha, R. Samuel, K. A. Jamerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This prospective, 6-week, multicenter, double-blind study examined the benefits of initiating treatment with combination valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) compared with initial valsartan monotherapy for 648 patients with stage-1 or stage-2 hypertension (age=52.6±10 years; 54% male; baseline blood pressure (BP)=161/98 mm Hg, 32% stage 1). Patients were randomized to valsartan 80 mg (V-low), valsartan 160 mg (V-high) or valsartan/HCTZ 160/12.5 mg (V/HCTZ), and electively titrated after weeks 2 and 4 to the next dosage level (maximum dose valsartan/HCTZ 160/25 mg) if BP remained >140/90 mm Hg. At end of the study, patients initiated with V/HCTZ required less titration steps compared with the initial valsartan monotherapy groups (63 vs 86% required titration by study end, respectively) and reached the target BP goal of <140/90 mm Hg in a shorter period of time (2.8 weeks) (P<0.0001) vs V-low (4.3 weeks) and V-high (3.9 weeks). Initial combination therapy was also associated with higher BP control rates and greater reductions in both systolic and diastolic BP from baseline (63%, -27.7±13/-15.1±8mmHg) compared with V-low (46%, -21.2±13/-11.4±8mmHg, P<0.0001) or V-high (51%, -24.0±13/-12.0±10mmHg, P<0.01). Overall and drug-related AEs were mild to moderate and were similar between V/HCTZ (53.1 and 14.1%, respectively) and the two monotherapy groups, V-low (50.5 and 13.8%) and V-high (50.7 and 11.8%). In conclusion, initiating therapy with a combination of valsartan and low-dose HCTZ results in early, improved BP efficacy with similar tolerability as compared with starting treatment with a low or higher dose of valsartan for patients with stage-1 and stage-2 hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • initial combination therapy
  • valsartan
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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