The response of plasma LH, Prolactin, GH and TSH levels to systematic administration of a specific central dopaminergic stimulant, amfonelic acid (AFA), by intravenous pulse injection in ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX estrogen-progesterone primed conscious rats has been evaluated. Intravenous injection of 0.2 mg/kg of AFA had no influence on plasma LH concentration until 60 min after injection when it was significantly elevated. Increasing the dose to 1 mg/kg reduced LH titers at 15 and 30 min with a return to preinjection levels by 60 min. AFA produced a dose-dependent decrease in plasma prolactin levels; the decrease occurred as early as 5 min after injection. AFA, both at 0.2 and 1 mg/kg doses, was effective in producing a sharp, dose-related rise in plasma GH levels. By contrast, TSH levels were significantly suppressed by both doses of AFA. Injection of the 1 mg/kg dose of AFA did not modify plasma LH levels in OVX-steroid-primed animals, white producing a comparable effect on plasma prolactin, GH and TSH levels to that observed in OVX animals. The present results indicate that endogenously released DA can have profound effects on pituitary hormone release, inhibiting PRL and TSH discharge, stimulating GH release and either inhibiting or stimulating LH release.
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