Effects of adiponectin on calcium-handling proteins in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Komei Tanaka, Richard M. Wilson, Eric E. Essick, Jennifer L. Duffen, Philipp E. Scherer, Noriyuki Ouchi, Flora Sam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Despite the increasing prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in humans, there remains no therapeutic options for HFpEF. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, exerts cardioprotective actions, and its deficiency is implicated in the development of hypertension and HF with reduced ejection fraction. Similarly, adiponectin deficiency in HFpEF exacerbates left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and HF. However, the therapeutic effects of adiponectin in HFpEF remain unknown. We sought to test the hypothesis that chronic adiponectin overexpression protects against the progression of HF in a murine model of HFpEF. Methods and Results-Adiponectin transgenic and wild-type mice underwent uninephrectomy, a continuous saline or daldosterone infusion and given 1.0% sodium chloride drinking water for 4 weeks. Aldosterone-infused wild-type mice developed HFpEF with hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diastolic dysfunction. Aldosterone infusion increased myocardial oxidative stress and decreased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase protein expression in HFpEF. Although total phospholamban protein expression was unchanged, there was a decreased expression of protein kinase A-dependent phospholamban phosphorylation at Ser16 and CaMKII (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II)-dependent phospholamban phosphorylation at Thr17. Adiponectin overexpression in aldosterone-infused mice ameliorated left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, lung congestion, and myocardial oxidative stress without affecting blood pressure and left ventricular EF. This improvement in diastolic dysfunction parameters in aldosteroneinfused adiponectin transgenic mice was accompanied by the preserved protein expression of protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation of phospholamban at Ser16. Adiponectin replacement prevented the progression of aldosterone-induced HFpEF, independent of blood pressure, by improving diastolic dysfunction and by modulating cardiac hypertrophy. Conclusions-These findings suggest that adiponectin may have therapeutic effects in patients with HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-985
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • Calcium-binding proteins
  • Diastolic
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertrophy
  • Left ventricular
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of adiponectin on calcium-handling proteins in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this