Effects of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Traumatized Patients

E. R. Thal, R. O. Bost, R. J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


During a six-month period, blood was drawn from 615 traumatized patients for alcohol determination and general toxicology screen. The patients were divided into four groups: alcohol only, other drugs only, alcohol and other drugs, and no alcohol or other drugs. Each group was analyzed for severity of injury, length of hospitalization, complications, and mortality. In 362 patients (58.9%) we found alcohol in the blood; 74% had alcohol levels greater than 100 mg/dL. Twenty patients (3.3%) had other drugs, while 34 patients (5.5%) had both alcohol and other drugs. There were no differences between the groups except that the patients with drugs only had a significantly higher incidence of shock, severity of injury, and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-712
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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