Effects of fasting and hypoxic preconditioning on the hypoxic-reoxygenated ventricular strips of the rat heart

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Abstract

The investigation aimed to assess the effects of hypoxic preconditioning in right ventricle strips of fed and 24-h fasted rats, which display a fast fatty acid catabolism, and to ascertain whether these effects are associated with changes in the tissue levels of long-chain acylCoA and acyl carnitine and glycolytic activity. Strips were mounted isometrically in Krebs-bicarbonate solution with 10 mM dextrose and paced at 1 Hz. Strips were exposed to 30 min hypoxia and 60 min reoxygenation with or without a previous preconditioning cycle of 5 min hypoxia followed by a 10 min reoxygenation. During hypoxia the fasted rat strips underwent a greater contracture with respect to the fed group. Preconditioning reduced the contracture strength and accelerated the post-hypoxic recovery only in the fasted rat strips. Hypoxia evoked an increase in the acylCoA and acyl carnitine tissue-contents of the strips which reached higher levels in the fasted than in the fed rat groups. Preconditioning had no effects on the content of these metabolites. During hypoxia lactate output was lower in the fasted than in the fed rat strips and preconditioning abolished this decrease. These data suggest that the protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning occur in the heart tissue predisposed to the oxidation of fatty acid and can not be ascribed to changes in the accumulation of acylCoA and acyl carnitine but could be due, at least in part, to an activation of glycolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume58
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Rats
Fasting
Carnitine
Contracture
Tissue
Fatty Acids
Glycolysis
Bicarbonates
Metabolites
Heart Ventricles
Lactic Acid
Chemical activation
Hypoxia
Glucose
Recovery
Oxidation

Keywords

  • Acyl carnitine
  • AcylCoA
  • Fasting
  • Heart
  • Hypoxia
  • Preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The investigation aimed to assess the effects of hypoxic preconditioning in right ventricle strips of fed and 24-h fasted rats, which display a fast fatty acid catabolism, and to ascertain whether these effects are associated with changes in the tissue levels of long-chain acylCoA and acyl carnitine and glycolytic activity. Strips were mounted isometrically in Krebs-bicarbonate solution with 10 mM dextrose and paced at 1 Hz. Strips were exposed to 30 min hypoxia and 60 min reoxygenation with or without a previous preconditioning cycle of 5 min hypoxia followed by a 10 min reoxygenation. During hypoxia the fasted rat strips underwent a greater contracture with respect to the fed group. Preconditioning reduced the contracture strength and accelerated the post-hypoxic recovery only in the fasted rat strips. Hypoxia evoked an increase in the acylCoA and acyl carnitine tissue-contents of the strips which reached higher levels in the fasted than in the fed rat groups. Preconditioning had no effects on the content of these metabolites. During hypoxia lactate output was lower in the fasted than in the fed rat strips and preconditioning abolished this decrease. These data suggest that the protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning occur in the heart tissue predisposed to the oxidation of fatty acid and can not be ascribed to changes in the accumulation of acylCoA and acyl carnitine but could be due, at least in part, to an activation of glycolysis.",
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AU - Pedrosa, Ivan

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N2 - The investigation aimed to assess the effects of hypoxic preconditioning in right ventricle strips of fed and 24-h fasted rats, which display a fast fatty acid catabolism, and to ascertain whether these effects are associated with changes in the tissue levels of long-chain acylCoA and acyl carnitine and glycolytic activity. Strips were mounted isometrically in Krebs-bicarbonate solution with 10 mM dextrose and paced at 1 Hz. Strips were exposed to 30 min hypoxia and 60 min reoxygenation with or without a previous preconditioning cycle of 5 min hypoxia followed by a 10 min reoxygenation. During hypoxia the fasted rat strips underwent a greater contracture with respect to the fed group. Preconditioning reduced the contracture strength and accelerated the post-hypoxic recovery only in the fasted rat strips. Hypoxia evoked an increase in the acylCoA and acyl carnitine tissue-contents of the strips which reached higher levels in the fasted than in the fed rat groups. Preconditioning had no effects on the content of these metabolites. During hypoxia lactate output was lower in the fasted than in the fed rat strips and preconditioning abolished this decrease. These data suggest that the protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning occur in the heart tissue predisposed to the oxidation of fatty acid and can not be ascribed to changes in the accumulation of acylCoA and acyl carnitine but could be due, at least in part, to an activation of glycolysis.

AB - The investigation aimed to assess the effects of hypoxic preconditioning in right ventricle strips of fed and 24-h fasted rats, which display a fast fatty acid catabolism, and to ascertain whether these effects are associated with changes in the tissue levels of long-chain acylCoA and acyl carnitine and glycolytic activity. Strips were mounted isometrically in Krebs-bicarbonate solution with 10 mM dextrose and paced at 1 Hz. Strips were exposed to 30 min hypoxia and 60 min reoxygenation with or without a previous preconditioning cycle of 5 min hypoxia followed by a 10 min reoxygenation. During hypoxia the fasted rat strips underwent a greater contracture with respect to the fed group. Preconditioning reduced the contracture strength and accelerated the post-hypoxic recovery only in the fasted rat strips. Hypoxia evoked an increase in the acylCoA and acyl carnitine tissue-contents of the strips which reached higher levels in the fasted than in the fed rat groups. Preconditioning had no effects on the content of these metabolites. During hypoxia lactate output was lower in the fasted than in the fed rat strips and preconditioning abolished this decrease. These data suggest that the protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning occur in the heart tissue predisposed to the oxidation of fatty acid and can not be ascribed to changes in the accumulation of acylCoA and acyl carnitine but could be due, at least in part, to an activation of glycolysis.

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