Purpose: To study the adhesion of Acanthamoeba castellanii treated with multipurpose contact lens care solutions (MPSs) to human corneal epithelial cells. METHODS: Cell suspensions of A. castellanii (ATCC50514) trophozoites were mixed with six MPSs: MPS-A (polyhexamethylene biguanide [PHMB], macrogolglycerol hydroxystearate, propylene glycol), MPS-B (PHMB, poloxamine, boric acid), MPS-C (polyquad, poloxamine, boric acid), MPS-D (PHMB, poloxamer, propylene glycol), MPS-E (PHMB, poloxamer), or MPS-F (PHMB, poloxamer) for 4 hr. Morphologic changes of A. castellanii after exposure with MPSs were observed with scanning electron microscopy. A. castellanii cells treated with MPS for 4 hr were inoculated onto cultured SV40-immortalized human corneal epithelial cells. After 2-hr incubation, the number of adherent A. castellanii was assessed by 18S-rDNA quantification using real-time polymer chain reaction. RESULTS: After 4-hr incubation, MPS-A- and MPS-B-treated A. castellanii have changed from trophozoite morphology into cyst form; however, MPS-E- and MPS-F-treated A. castellanii maintained trophozoite morphology. In contrast, both cyst and trophozoite forms were observed in MPS-C- and MPS-D-treated A. castellanii. The adherence rate of A. castellanii was approximately two times higher in MPS-E (not significant), and more than three times higher in MPS-F (P<0.05) compared with MPS-A, which produced the lowest adhesiveness as estimated by real-time polymer chain reaction. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results support the possibility that chronic use of MPS with the lowest efficacies on promoting encystment of A. castellanii (MPS-E and MPS-F) by hydrogel contact lens wearers may increase adhesiveness of A. castellanii to corneal epithelial cells.
- Multipurpose contact lens care solution; Cornea; Scanning electron microscopy; Real-time PCR; Acanthamoeba
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