Effects of nicotine on oviducal blood flow and embryo development in the rat

J. A. Mitchell, Robert E Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations


Nicotine (5.0 mg/kg)was injected (s.c.) twice daily on Day 1 or Days 1-4 or 1-5 of pregnancy. Cumulative doses of nicotine retared embryo cell cleavage and substantially reduced embryo cell number (saline vs nicotine: 42.5 ± 1.7 vs 22.1 ± 1.9 nuclei/embryo, at 12:00 h on Day 5; P < 0.05). However, treatment for even 1 day (Day 1) significantly reduced cell number (saline vs nicotine: 42.5 ± 1.7 vs 30.5 ± 0.9, at 12:00 h day on Day 5; P < 0.01). Nicotine injection also resulted in a marked and prolonged reduction in oviduct blood flow (pretreatment vs 90 min after nicotine: 0.61 ± 0.06 vs 0.37 ± 0.10 ml/min·g-1; P < 0.005). The results indicate that, in the rat, even a brief exposure to nicotine, the chief alkaloid of tobacco, reduces oviducal blood flow and the rate of embryo cell proliferation. The embryo is therefore susceptible to the effects of nicotine before implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1985


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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