Effects of protein tyrosine kinase and protein tyrosine phosphatase on apical K+ channels in the TAL

Rui Min Gu, Yuan Wie, John R. Falck, U. Murali Krishna, Wen Hui Wang

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Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that the protein level of c-Src, a nonreceptor type of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), was higher in the renal medulla from rats on a K-deficient (KD) diet than that in rats on a high-K (HK) diet (Wang WH, Lerea KM, Chan M, and Giebisch G. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 278: F165-F171, 2000). We have now used the patch-clamp technique to investigate the role of PTK in regulating the apical K channels in the medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) of the rat kidney. Inhibition of PTK with herbimycin A increased NPo, a product of channel number (N) and open probability (Po), of the 70-pS K channel from 0.12 to 0.42 in the mTAL only from rats on a KD diet but had no significant effect in tubules from animals on a HK diet. In contrast, herbimycin A did not affect the activity of the 30-pS K channel in the mTAL from rats on a KD diet. Moreover, addition of N-methylsulfonyl-12,12-dibromododec-11-enamide, an agent that inhibits the cytochrome P-450-dependent production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, further increased NPo of the 70-pS K channel in the presence of herbimycin A. Furthermore, Western blot detected the presence of PTP-1D, a membrane-associated protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP), in the renal outer medulla. Inhibition of PTP with phenylarsine oxide (PAO) decreased NPo of the 70-pS K channel in the mTAL from rats on a HK diet. However, PAO did not inhibit the activity of the 30-pS K channel in the mTAL. The effect of PAO on the 70-pS K channel was due to indirectly stimulating PTK because pretreatment of the mTAL with herbimycin A abolished the inhibitory effect of PAO. Finally, addition of exogenous c-Src reversibly blocked the activity of the 70-pS K channel in inside-out patches. We conclude that PTK and PTP have no effect on the low-conductance K channels in the mTAL and that PTK-induced tyrosine phosphorylation inhibits, whereas PTP-induced tyrosine dephosphorylation stimulates, the apical 70-pS K channel in the mTAL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume281
Issue number4 50-4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • c-Src
  • Herbimycin A
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypokalemia
  • Phenylarsine oxide
  • ROMK channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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