Effects of selective inhibition of cytochrome P-450 ω-hydroxylases and ischemic preconditioning in myocardial protection

Kasem Nithipatikom, Michael P. Endsley, Jeannine M. Moore, Marilyn A. Isbell, John R. Falck, William B. Campbell, Garrett J. Gross

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) ω-hydroxylases and their arachidonic acid (AA) metabolite, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), produce a detrimental effect on ischemia-reperfusion injury in canine hearts, and the inhibition of CYP ω-hydroxylases markedly reduces myocardial infarct size expressed as a percentage of the area at risk (IS/AAR, %). In this study, we demonstrated that a specific CYP ω-hydroxylase inhibitor, N-methylsulfonyl-12,12- dibromododec-11-enamide (DDMS), markedly reduced 20-HETE production during ischemia-reperfusion and reduced myocardial infarct size compared with control [19.5 ± 1.0% (control), 9.6 ± 1.5% (0.40 mg/kg DDMS), 4.0 ± 2.0% (0.81 mg/kg DDMS), P < 0.01]. In addition, 20-hydroxyeicosa-6(Z),15(Z)- dienoic acid (20-HEDE, a putative 20-HETE antagonist) significantly reduced myocardial infarct size from control [10.3 ± 1.3% (0.032 mg/kg 20-HEDE) and 5.9 ± 1.9% (0.064 mg/kg 20-HEDE), P < 0.05]. We further demonstrated that one 5-min period of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) reduced infarct size to a similar extent as that observed with the high doses of DDMS and 20-HEDE, and the higher dose of DDMS given simultaneously with IPC augmented the infarct size reduction [9.9 ± 2.8% (IPC) to 2.5 ± 1.4% (0.81 mg/kg DDMS), P < 0.05] to a greater degree than that observed with either treatment alone. These results suggest an important negative role for endogenous CYP ω-hydroxylases and their product, 20-HETE, to exacerbate myocardial injury in canine myocardium. Furthermore, for the first time, this study demonstrates that the effect of IPC and the inhibition of CYP ω-hydroxylase synthesis (DDMS) or its actions (20-HEDE) may have additive effects in protecting the canine heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume290
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

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Keywords

  • 20-hydroxyeicosa-6(Z),15(Z)-dienoic acid
  • 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • Ischemia
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • Reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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