Effects of structured vocational services on job-search success in ex-offender veterans with mental illness: 3-month follow-up

James P. Lepage, Edward L. Washington, Avery A. Lewis, Kim E. Johnson, Elizabeth A. Garcia-Rea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


With the high number of incarcerated veterans with mental illness and substance dependence returning to the community annually, a significant need exists for technologies that will help them return to employment. This study evaluates three methods of assistance: (1) basic vocational services, (2) self-study of a vocational manual designed for formerly incarcerated veterans, and (3) a group led by vocational staff using the vocational manual. We evaluated 69 veterans to determine the number finding employment within 3 months after enrollment in the study. The group format was expected to be superior to self-study, and self-study was expected to be superior to basic services. Though the group format was found to be superior to both self-study and basic services, the results for self-study and basic services were statistically similar. Limitations and directions for future refinement are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 25 2011



  • Employment
  • Ex-offenders
  • Homelessness
  • Job-search skills
  • Manualized treatment
  • Mental illness
  • Substance dependence
  • Unemployment
  • Veterans
  • Vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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